Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Logo
The Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to as simply Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. The company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and most luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. Ford also owns Brazilian SUV manufacturer, Troller, and Australian performance car manufacturer FPV. In the past it has also produced tractors and automotive components. Ford owns a 2.1% stake in Mazda of Japan, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom, and a 49% stake in Jiangling of China. It also has a number of joint-ventures, two in China (Changan Ford Mazda and Ford Lio Ho), one in Thailand (AutoAlliance Thailand), one in Turkey (Ford Otosan), and one in Russia (Ford Sollers). It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is controlled by the Ford family, although they have minority ownership It is described by Forbes as "the most important industrial company in the history of the United States.                                                  
                                                                                     
Ford introduced methods for large-scale manufacturing of cars and large-scale management of an industrial workforce using elaborately engineered manufacturing sequences typified by moving assembly lines; by 1914 these methods were known around the world as Fordism. Ford's former UK subsidiaries Jaguar and Land Rover, acquired in 1989 and 2000 respectively, were sold to Tata Motors in March 2008. Ford owned the Swedish automaker Volvo from 1999 to 2010.[5] In 2011, Ford discontinued the Mercury brand, under which it had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and the Middle East since 1938.
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Kate Middleton !


Philippa Charlotte “Pippa” Middleton (born 6 September 1983) is an English socialite. The younger sister of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, she appeared as the maid of honor at her sister Catherine’s wedding to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. Middleton has also received much media attention for her fashion sense and personal relationships.

Background

Pippa Middleton was born on 6 September 1983. She is the second of three children born to Michael Middleton, who was a former British Airways flight dispatcher, and Carole Middleton (born Goldsmith), a former flight attendant. Her father’s family came from Leeds, now in West Yorkshire, and her paternal great-grandmother, Olive Lupton, belonged to a business family which had been active in Leeds for many generations. The 2nd cousin of Olive Middleton (born Lupton) was Lady Bullock (born Barbara Lupton), the wife of Sir Christopher Bullock.
Carole Middleton’s mother’s family were labourers and miners from County Durham.
In the mid 1980s, when her two eldest children were at a nursery school and the family was living at Bradfield Southend, Carole Middleton set up ‘Party Pieces’, a company which began by making party bags and went on to sell party supplies and decorations by mail order. By 1995 the firm, run by both parents, was so successful that it moved into a range of farm buildings at Ashampstead Common, and since then the Middleton parents are reported to have become millionaires. While at Bradfield Southend, Middleton and her sister were members of the local St Andrew’s Brownie pack.
In 1995, the family relocated to Bucklebury, Berkshire. Like her sister, Middleton was first educated at St Andrew’s School, Pangbourne and Downe House School, a girls’ day and boarding school in Cold Ash. She attended Marlborough College on a sports/all-rounder scholarship. Middleton then graduated from University of Edinburgh with an English literature degree, where she shared a house with Lord Edward Innes-Ker, a son of the Duke of Roxburghe, and with Earl Percy, heir of the Duke of Northumberland.
Following graduation, in 2008 Middleton briefly worked at a public relations firm promoting luxury products, then she took on an events management job with Table Talk, a company based in London which organizes corporate events and parties.Also in 2008, Tatler magazine named Middleton “the Number 1 Society Singleton”, ahead of singer-songwriter James Blunt and Princess Eugenie of York.” Since then, she has often been described as a socialite. As part of a duo with her older sister, Middleton has received wide press coverage, focusing on her social life and her lifestyle. Time magazine listed Pippa In April 2012, as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
Middleton currently works two days a week for her parents’ company Party Pieces, editing the web magazine Party Times.Penguin Books has paid Middleton a £400,000 advance for a book on party-planning which has the working title of Celebrate. Publication is expected in the autumn of 2012, and Middleton has said she is not using a ghost writer.
The official announcement of her sister’s engagement came on 16 November 2010. Middleton served as the maid of honour. At the wedding, Middleton’s white figure-hugging dress, which, like the bride’s, was created by Sarah Burton of Alexander McQueen, was highly praised in the media. Made of ivory crape fabric, it was styled with a cowl at the front and organza-covered buttons at the back. Copies of the dress were soon available in the high street where there was a great demand for them.
Pippa Middleton’s ancestors most probably include Sir Thomas Fairfax (1475–1520) and Sir Thomas Leighton (ca. 1530–1610), Governor of Guernsey from 1570 to 1609, and his wife Elizabeth Knollys (1549–1605), who was a cousin of Queen Elizabeth I. Her later ancestors include the Rev. Thomas Davis, a Church of England hymn-writer, whose grand-daughter Olive Christiana Lupton was one of the grandmothers of Michael Middleton. Her maternal great-great-grandfather John Goldsmith was married to Esther Jones at St John’s Hoxton in 1850.

Pictures of Pippa Middleton

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge in Ipswich, eastern England, on March 19, 2012.  
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge in Ipswich, eastern England, on March 19, 2012. Credit: KIRSTY WIGGLESWORTH/AFP/Getty Images
Kate Middleton's focus is on the royal heir -- er, hair!
Dating back to her April 29, 2011 wedding day, those looking to the duchess as tresspiration become immediately familiar with the Richard Ward Hair and Metrospa in the stylish London neighborhood of Chelsea.
Even now with a year as an official member of the royal family under her belt, Kate still heads to that same salon, where she has been a client for nearly a decade, multiple times a week for her shiny, volume-filled blowouts that start at $75.
PHOTOS: Kate Middleton's best hairstyles
But there's no royal treatment here. In fact, she "insists on visiting the salon rather than having them come to her," a source tells Us Weekly.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge on May 8, 2012 in London, England.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge on May 8, 2012 in London, England.
Credit: Samir Hussein/WireImage
"Kate's a girlie girl," adds another source, which isn't far from the truth based off of her love for a good pampering session. Back in September, the 30-year-old sat in Richard Ward's salon for four hours getting her hair colored with an organic vegetable-based hair dye and of course, a sleek blowout to top things off.
"She loves her time there and she has known everyone there for years so it's really relaxing for her," an insider revealed to Us.
PHOTOS: Kate Middleton's stunning style
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge on April 25, 2012 in London, England.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge on April 25, 2012 in London, England.
Credit: Dave M. Benett/Getty Images
To create the princess-in-training's picture-perfect style, follow these instructions that Ward gave to Us last summer:
"Apply a holding serum onto wet hair to take out the frizz and make the hair silky smooth. Start with hair that's 80 percent wet and use a good blow dryer with a concentrator nozzle and a real-bristle brush. The serum memorizes the form and holds the curl in place while you blow dry."